The station is named for General Pedro María de Anaya, and indeed, replaced a traffic round-about that had honored the General here since the 1940s. That roundabout was an important intersection on the Calzada de Tlalpan, the causeway which has been an important entrance to the city since prior to the Spanish conquest.
The General’s monument was here because he’d lead the defense of the city at the Battle of Churubusco during invasion by the United States in 1847. That battle took place in the general area which was, at the time, mostly open farmland and pasture. Today much of that battle and the turbulent 19th century are examined in some detail in the National Museum of the Interventions.
The Statue at the center of the monument to the General was moved to outside of the museum in time for the opening of this subway station in 1970.