The Jardín de Santiago, like so many places in Mexico City, seems to have been established for no other reason than to defy your expectations. This is Tlatelolco, the massive complex of mid-20th-century housing blocks. This is Mario Pani, the Faustian master-builder whose reputation soared and crashed more spectacularly than New York’s Robert Moses. Finally, this is the corner of two very busy streets, Paseo de la Reforma and R. Flores Magón.
Yet the Santiago garden remains a refuge not just of manicured walks and shady trees. It’s practically unknown even to Mexico City residents. It’s a well-used park. But like in so much of very public Tlatelolco, respectability here depends on discretion more than adequate room for your neighbors’ privacy. It’s not easy to find this park crowded.
The park serves as a botanical garden, for this corner of the neighborhood. It’s home 62 species. Of these, only some 11 are native to Mexico City. It was historically the garden of the Santiago de Tlatelolco monastery. The monastery kept a garden here since the mid-16th century. An atrial cross was preserved from that garden.
Pani took charge of the park 1960. It was part of the overall plan for his Nonoalco Tlatelolco Urban Complex. That’s to say, it was integral to the overall project. A stone balustrade surrounds the entire garden. But on the southern edge, a wide stretch of sidewalk seems to keep traffic on R. Flores Magón at quite a distance.
Pani’s garden included a monopteros colonnade (pictured above) as a centerpiece. A phrase with which the emperor Cuauhtémoc described Tlatelolco is inscribed within:
“Here we place and settle in the way we found the great lagoon, permanently: its waves like silver and as shiny as gold, especially fragrant, here we founded our town of Tlatelolco”.
Today’s Jardín de Santiago is among the pleasing places to find oneself. The greatest surprise may be that even as so many people will visit the Plaza de las Tres Culturas on the other side of the monastery, very few will happen upon the garden. On the northwest corner of the Glorieta Cuitláhuac, most guests will arrive from the Plaza or the Monastery.