Pueblos Originarios

San_Bernabé_Ocotepec

The Pueblos Originarios, literally the "original towns" are localities which developed historically, independently from Mexico City. Many have since been entirely absorbed by the city, but some maintain unique identities even today.

Most of these communities have their origins in the pre-Hispanic period. Many were founded by groups speaking Otomi, Mazahuam, and Matlatzinca, the Nahua languages are far and away the most prevalent.

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  • In the listings below, we emphasize villages and towns which have not been entirely subsumed within the urban complex of Mexico City.
  • A few special exceptions are noted within the listings. 
  • Be sure to see the section on Pueblitos and Daytrips for ideas on which of the many villages to visit. 

The Mexico City Government recognizes 139 original villages or towns (Pueblos Originarios). These are administered through the Sectrary of Rural Development and Equity. Collectively they're able to apply for financing and government development grants to support their communities. Many of the places below make unique and interesting places to visit, but each of them also bear long histories as independent peoples, places, and territories.

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Photo: San Bernabé Ocotepec Church and Town, Magdalena Contreras

San Jerónimo Aculco-Lidice Church and Town

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Magdalena Atlitic Pueblo & Church

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San Pedro Apóstol Tláhuac Church and Monastery

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Pueblo Culhuacán and San Juan Evangelista Monastery

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San Mateo Tlaltenango Church and Town

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San Andrés Tomatlán

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Mexicaltzingo and the San Marcos Temple

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San Lorenzo Xochimanca Chapel, Tlacoquemécatl del Valle

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Parres el Guarda, Tlalpan

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San Miguel Topilejo Town and Church

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San Miguel Ajusco

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San Juan Tlilhuaca, Azcapotzalco

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San Bartolomé Xicomulco Church and Town

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San Agustín Ohtenco, Milpa Alta

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San Lorenzo Tlacoyucan Church & Town

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Santa María Nativitas de Zacapan

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San Jerónimo Miacatlán

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Santa Rosa Xochiac, Álvaro Obregón

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San Andres Totoltepec

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Santo Tomás Ajusco

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Santa Isabel Tola, Town, Church & Cemetery

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Santiago Zapotitlán & The Church of the Immaculate Conception

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San Lorenzo Huipulco Chapel and Town Center

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San Lorenzo Tezonco Church and Town

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