José Vasconcelos Calderón (1882-1959) was a lawyer, politician, writer, educator, public official, and philosopher. He was the author of a series of autobiographical accounts that portray unique details of the long process of decomposition of the Porfiriato era, the development and triumph of the Mexican Revolution and the beginning of the stage of the Mexican post-revolutionary regime that could be called "institution-building."
He was appointed the country's first Secretary of Public Education and rector of the National University (UNAM). He was later decorated as Doctor Honoris Causa by that same institution, and by those of Chile, Guatemala, and other Latin American institutions. He was also a member of El Colegio Nacional and the Mexican Academy of Language.
José Vasconcelos remains not just important, but controversial, even to this day.