Iztapalapa

Iztapalapa is named for the ancient city which once occupied the same region. The name originally meant “earthenware in the water.” The city was founded by the Culhua people between the north slope of the Cerro de la Estrella and the shore of Lake Texcoco.

In 1953, the bones of three people, two men and one women were found in the present day village of Santa María Aztahuacán. The Aztahuacán remains are said to be some 9,400 years old, and most of the present day alcaldia is thought to have been inhabited since at least that time.

A town related to the Teotihuacan culture was established to the north of Cerro de la Estrella. Today called Culhuacán, it very likely received some good part of the diaspora which began with the decline of Teotihuacan.

Culhuacán played a very prominent role in the development of the Toltec culture and its ruling house gave Mexico-Tenochtitlan its first Tlatoani. In fact many wives from Culhuacán were meant to shore up otherwise nouveau Mexica noble lines.

With the fall of the Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the old Iztapalapa was nearly entirely destroyed. It remained primarily a farming community, and part of the State of Mexico, until being folded into the Federal District in 1824.

Iztapalapa has continued to receive waves of migrants from other parts of the country over the past 50 years. Today, immigration waves from the rest of the country continue to arrive. This situation was accentuated in the 1960s with the economic boom of the country and after the 1985 earthquake.

Museo Fuego Nuevo

More info

Parque Nacional Cerro de la Estrella

More info

Zona Arqueológica Cerro de la Estrella

More info

Museo de Transportes Eléctricos del D.F.

More info

Centro Comunitario Culhuacán Exconvento de San Juan Evangelista

More info

Mercado de Culhuacán No. 186

More info

San Andrés Tomatlán

More info

Mexicaltzingo and the San Marcos Temple

More info

Parque Las Antenas

More info

Parque Cuitláhuac

More info

Iglesia San Lorenzo Tezonco

More info

Mercado San Lorenzo Tezonco

More info

Hacienda de San Nicolás Tolentino

More info

Metro Portales

More info

Metro Mexicaltzingo

More info

Museo de las Culturas: Pasión por Iztapalapa

More info

Museo Cabeza de Juárez

More info

Metro Atlalilco

More info

Metro Culhuacán

More info

Metro San Andrés Tomatlán

More info

Metro Calle 11

More info

Metro Periférico Oriente

More info

Metro Tezonco

More info

Metro Lomas Estrella

More info